Lesson Plan: Elements of Nature for Early Childhood Education

Written by Mariana Santos

ArqBahia team of authors.

1. Objectives

1.1. Main objectives:
– Introduce the concepts of natural elements, such as earth, water, air and fire, in a playful and accessible way for children.
– Stimulate children’s curiosity and observation of the natural elements around them.
– Promote appreciation and respect for nature, encouraging sustainable practices from childhood.

1.2. Secondary objectives:
– Develop children’s oral language and ability to express themselves when describing elements of nature.
– Stimulate children’s creativity and imagination through artistic activities related to natural elements.
– Promote the integration of children in collective activities that involve nature.

2. Introduction

– Start the class with a conversation about the elements of nature, asking children what they know about each of them.
– Present images or objects that represent natural elements to encourage children’s observation.
– Tell a story or sing a song related to the elements of nature to engage children.

3. Development

3.1. Exploration of the elements of nature
– Take a walk outdoors, in the school space or in a nearby park, so that children can observe and interact with natural elements.
– Propose sensory activities, such as touching the earth, listening to the sound of the wind, observing the water in a stream and feeling the heat of the sun.

3.2. Practical activities
– Activity 1: Assemble a panel or mural with drawings and collages representing each element of nature.
– Activity 2: Create toys or musical instruments using natural materials, such as twigs, stones and leaves.

4. Return

4.1. Conversation circle
– Bring the children together for a moment to share the experiences they have had while exploring the elements of nature.
– Encourage children to describe what they liked or learned most about natural elements.

4.2. Feedback
– Provide space for children to express what they thought of the activities carried out and if they have any questions or curiosity about the elements of nature.

5. Homework

– Ask children to research at home about some element of nature that sparked their interest during class.
– Ask them to bring a drawing, object or story related to nature to the next class to share with their classmates.

6. Conclusion

– Recap the main lessons learned from the class, reinforcing the importance of caring for and respecting the elements of nature.
– Highlight the connection between natural elements and our daily lives, encouraging sustainable attitudes from childhood.
– End the class with a message about the importance of preserving nature for a better future for everyone.

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