Lesson Plan on Racial Diversity in Early Childhood Education

Written by Mariana Santos

ArqBahia team of authors.

1. Objectives

Estimated time: 10 – 15 minutes

1.1. Main objectives:
– Promote respect and appreciation for racial diversity in society from childhood, through raising awareness among children.
– Develop empathy and tolerance in students, encouraging harmonious coexistence and respect for differences between people.
– Encourage reflection on racial stereotypes and the deconstruction of prejudices through playful and educational activities.

1.2. Secondary objectives:
– Stimulate students’ creativity and artistic expression when creating materials about racial diversity, such as drawings or collages.
– Promote integration between children of different ethnicities, encouraging cooperation and friendship.
– Foster self-acceptance and pride in one’s own racial identity, as well as respect for the identities of other colleagues.

2. Introduction

Time estimate: 15 – 20 minutes

– The teacher will start the class by holding a conversation to remind them of what the students have already learned about respecting differences and the importance of treating everyone equally.
– Then, the teacher will present the topic of racial diversity, explaining in a simple and clear way what it means and why it is important to respect different races and cultures.
– Stories will be told and images that represent racial diversity will be shown, in order to stimulate children’s curiosity and empathy.

3. Development

Time estimate: 50 – 60 minutes

3.1. Practical activities
– Activity 1: Painting hands
– Each child will have the opportunity to paint their own hands with different colored paints and leave their mark on paper. They will then be encouraged to observe and compare the differences between brands, highlighting the diversity and beauty of each one.
– Activity 2: Storytelling
– The teacher will present stories that address racial diversity, with characters from different ethnicities and cultures. After the story, children will be invited to express what they learned and how they felt about the narratives.

4. Return

Time estimate: 15 – 20 minutes

4.1. Learning Check
– The teacher will ask children questions about what they learned during class and how they felt participating in practical activities. A space will be opened for them to express their feelings and ideas about racial diversity.
– They will be encouraged to share what they found most interesting in class and how they intend to respect and value diversity in their daily lives.

4.2. Student feedback
– Students will be invited to express what they liked most about the class and if they have any suggestions for future activities on the topic. Your opinions will be valued and considered when planning future classes.

5. Homework

Time estimate: 5 minutes

– As homework, children will be encouraged to draw or create a poster that represents racial diversity, highlighting the importance of respect and equality between people. They can use different materials and colors to express their creativity.

6. Conclusion

Estimated time: 10 – 15 minutes

– The teacher will summarize the main points discussed during the class, reinforcing the importance of respecting racial diversity and valuing each individual in their uniqueness.
– The idea that diversity enriches society and that everyone should be treated with equality and respect will be highlighted, regardless of their origin or skin color.
– Finally, it will be highlighted that each child has the power to promote a fairer and more inclusive society, respecting and valuing racial diversity in their daily life.

7. Material de Apoio

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